Auxilia cohors in the IIII-th

     ”Records at the permanent camp of the legion in Moesia refers also the promotion of the veteran L. Campanius Verecundus to signifer and further to centurio of coh. I Cisipadensium (CIL V 8185). A cohors that still later belonged to the Moesian army (as is well known, promotions from old legionary soldiers to non-commissioned officers of the auxilia took place only within the same Provincial exercitus). In addition the Centurio Etuvius Capreolus from Vienna, who served 35 years with IIII Scythica (Dessau 9090) and rose from the ranks to Centurionate, and was conscripted at the latest, in the time of Tiberius.”
 
     It is possible that my translation is not quite right.. I ask to be excused
..auxilia cohors I Cispadanensium (Cispadensium / Cisipadensium) Maximinianaa. In Moesia in the beginning of the first century A.D.with Legio IV Scythica. In Syria (from 56/57 A.D.). Attached to the Legio IV Scythica following in the campaignmn inParthian with Caesennius Corbulo and Peto (58-62).
List of Roman auxiliary regiments (wikipedia)

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The Roman Army in Moesia Inferior, Bucharest, 2010 (Centre for Roman Military Studies 7
Florian Matei-Popescu
page.150

     M. Sabidius [M. f.] Aemilia Maximus, miles legionis XI Claudiae, signifer, cornucularius
(sic!), optio at (sic!) spem ordinis, centurio legionis supra scriptae, promotus a divo Hadriano in legionem III Gallicam, donis donatusab eudem (sic!) imperatorem ob victoriam Iudaicam.
     Subsequently, this individual continued his career in legion IIII Scythica, then in a legion I and then was promoted (promotus) by emperor Antoninus Pius two times successively in two legions whose names were lost, fi nally promoted in legion XIII Gemina, from Apulum, in Dacia Superior1233. The inscription was raised to his honour by convicani Scampenses and was discovered at Elbasan (Albania). The place was in the territory of the city of Dyrrhachium. The career of this centurion is extremely interesting, proving that important careers could be pursued even by ex caliga centurions. In addition, it is worth mentioning that he was transferred to legion III Gallica from Syria, most likely in direct connection to the legion’s demand for complete staff due to its involvement in the Jewish war.
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Quote from: Florian Matei-Popescu

THE ROMAN ARMY IN MOESIA INFERIOR

COHORS I CISIPADENSIVM

     This cohort was in Moesia from a very early period, as proven by an inscription from the peninsula of Istria, at Pola (Ruginium, Regio X), which preserved the career of L. Campanius
L. f. Pol. Verecundus, former soldier of legion IV Scythica, promoted to signifer and then centurio of a cohors Cisipadensium. After the province division, the cohort remains on the
territory of Moesia Superior, being recorded by imperial constitutions of 94 and 100. It was involved together with troops from its province in the Dacian expeditions of
emperor Trajan. In 115, it was among the troops of Moesia Superior sent to the Parthian expedition. The fate of this troop is unknown in the Parthian war aftermath until 138, when
it is recorded by the diploma for Thracia, together with cohors II Lucensium. However, when and under what circumstances cohort I Cisipadensium reached the territory of Thracia remains
unknown. Considering it is not mentioned by the diploma of , it may be supposed that its displacement took place under Hadrian. It is subsequently transferred to Moesia Inferior
between 146 and 155. It remained there until mid 3rd C, when under Maximinus Thrax and Gordian III is recorded at Sostra (Lomec) with the mission to surveil the important road
linking the city of Philippopolis with the Danube line. When exactly the unit was transferred to Sostra is impossible to assert, probably sometime after 198 when the II Mattiacorum cohort
is for the last time attested (vide infra). Where it was again transferred in the reign of Gallienus, when another cohort, II reducum is attested within the Sostra fort (vide infra), it is still unknown.
No cohort commanders or soldiers are known from the period of its stationing in Moesia Inferior.

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THE ROMAN AUXILIARY UNITS OF MOESIA*

Florian Matei-Popescu

COHORS I CISIPADENSIVM

An inscription discovered at Ruginium (Regio X) mentions L. Campanius L. f. Pol. Verecundus, ueteranus legionis IIII Scythicae (former signifer), centurio c(o)ho(rtis) I Cisi¬padensium. He was recruited under Tiberius and he died under Claudius or Nero113. Just like others soldiers from the legions of the first century, he continued his military career in the auxilia as centurio114. Since the IIII Scythica legion leaved Moesia in 56/57, the date of his activity is sure. The military diploma for Moesia superior discovered at Negovanovci, from September 16, 94, was granted to the infantryman L. Cassius Cassi f. Larisenus, who had been recruited about 68/69115.

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Participation of the Auxiliary Troops from Moesia Superior in Trajan's Dacian Wars
F. Matei-Popescu

     As compared to the situation that is quite clear to see in the case of Moesia Inferior, the auxilia Moesiae superioris has been until recently claimed to have been reinforced on the eve of the first expeditio Dacica, a fact revealed by the record of military diplomas. Therefore, according to the diplomas already known, the Moesia Superior garrison was composed under Domitian's rule of three alae (II Pannoniorum, Claudia nova, Praetoria) and 14 cohorts (I Cilicum, I Cisipadensium, I Cretum, I Flavia Hispanorum milliaria, I Antiochensium, I Lusitanorum, I Montanorum, II Flavia Commagenorum, II Gallorum Macedonica, IIII Raetorum, V Gallorum, V Hispanorum, VI Thracum, VII Breucorum c. R.l

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THE AUXILIARY UNITS FROM MOESIA SUPERIOR
IN DOMITIAN'S TIME AND THE PROBLEM OF CIL XVI 41*
Florian Matei-Popescu
     ….an important number of auxiliary units were garrisoned on the territory of the province. As one can notice from the following table, up to the year AD 100 3 alae and 21 cohortes are attested on military diplomas issued for the auxiliary units of the province:Една от тях-I Cisipadensium
     The auxiliary units during the reign of Domitian23 One of them -I Cisipadensium
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COHORS I ITURAEORUM SAGITTARIORUM EQUITATA MILLIARIA
     Under the circumstances of profound crisis encountered by Syria at the beginning of the 1st century AD.
     The date when the Ituraean unit left Germania Superior can be established only in relation to the events that took place in the Orient during the same period. Tacitus mentioned that legionary and auxiliary units from Germania were transferred to Armenia in 58 AD to fight against the Partians19. The Ituraean unit was believed to have accompanied the Legion IV Scytica on the Eastern front, based on the argument that in 88 AD it was mentioned in a diploma in Syria20. Towards the end of Nero's rule, a significant number of military units from the European region were concentrated in the Caucasus area 21 and around Alexandria22. This was the moment when this unit might have been brought into the region, which would also explain its absence form the diploma dated 62 AD. Barbara Oldenstein-Pferdehirt holds that the unit remained in Mainz between 17 and 69 AD.23.
     After the war against the Partians, cohors I Ituraeorum remained in the Orient, within the zone of action of the legion IV Scytica. The Ituraean archers unit might have joined the legion. There are mentions of the legion at issue in Syria in 62 AD, 24 a possible indication in favour of the hypothesis that the auxiliary unit left Germania to take part in the Partian wars in 58 AD. An inscription from Pessinunt, dedicated to Ti. Claudius Heras, proves that the Ituraean unit at issue took part in wars in Judaea during the rule of Vespasian25.
     From Syria, the unit cohors I Ituraeorum sagittariorum was transferred to the Lower Danube Region, in order to enter the Dacian wars. 26. It was mentioned here in diplomas dated October 14th 10927 and February 17th 11028. However, it is not mentioned in the diploma from July 2nd 110, a fact which led some authors -- before the publishing of the Ranovač diploma, dated 109 -- to question the information provided by the diploma dated February 17th 110 as regards the presence of cohors I Ituraeorum in Dacia. It was considered at that time to be an error from the part of the scribe. Not related to the se assertions, D. Kennedy and E. Dabrowa, analysing certain facts concerning the cohortes milliariae, and the Ituraean cohortes of the Empire, respectively, placed the unit in Dacia during the first years of the new province29. Once the Ranovač diploma was published, N. Gudea reconsidered the issue, assuming that two Ituraean cohorts belonged to the Roman army in Dacia during the rule of Trajan30. Strobel believes that, during the wars of conquest, the unit was active along Drobeta – Bumbeşti Jiu – Pasul Vulcan towards the Dacian Fortresses in the Şureanu mountains31.
     Cohors I Ituraeorum sagittariorum was attested in Porolissum by stamps of the types CHSIJS and CHSS. In time, these inscriptions have been completed in several different manners. Szilágyi pointed out a number of ways of reading these stamps, considering that they belong to different types: C(o)H(or)S I P(almyrenorum) S(agittariorum) or no. 230/231: C(o)H(or)S S(agittariorum)32, respectively C(o)H(or)S S(urorum or C(o)H(ors) S(urorum) S(agittariorum)33. C. Daicoviciu favoured the version C(o)H(or)S I (h)IS(panorum)34, not excluding a possible interpretation as C(o)H(or) S I I(turaeorum) S(agittariorum).
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Quote from: Florian Matei-Popescu
THE ROMAN ARMY IN MOESIA INFERIOR
Cohors I Tyriorum sagittariorum
     It appears for the first time within the diplomas for Moesia Inferior of 972072, then of 992073, 1052074, 107 (awarded to a soldier of the unit) 2075 and 1162076. It is interesting that this
troop or a homonym is recorded from an extremely early period, by mid 1st C BCE within an inscription from Italy recording the name of a prefect.
     Unexpectedly, a cohort Tyriorum, evidently the unit which was later recorded in Moesia Inferior under the name I Tyriorum sagittariorum, is present on an imperial constitution of 75, April 28, parallel constitution with the one recorded by the Taliata diploma. The unit’s presence within an offi cial document, without numeral, could resolve the issue of the troop identity in an inscription at Akkilise (Antiochia, Pisidia) mentioning an ignotus as prefect of cohort ITVR2079. In agreement with other scholars, I also believed, given that the next equestrian militia had been fulfilled with legion IV Scythica, which until around 56–57 had been stationed on the territory of Moesia, that it might have made reference to I TVR(riorum) . In my view however, the new imperial constitution defi nitely settles the issue, the reading of the troop name on this inscription being undeniably ITVR(aeorum).
     It obviously participated in Trajan’s Dacian expeditions and remained north the Danube2082. After the reform under Hadrian, it appears among the troops of Dacia Inferior within the diplomas of 130, 140, 146 and 167–168.
     Among the commanders who served during the stationing period in the province of Moesia Inferior, I mention L. Rutilius Ravonianus, who appears on the diploma of May 13, 1052084 and on the diploma of 1072085 and possibly L. Valerius [...], recorded by an inscription from Salonae dated by the beginning of the 2nd C, yet supportive elements are thin2086.
     Furthermore, an inscription from Teramo (Interamna Praetuttinorum, Regio V), records an equestrian career of an individual who was cohort prefect, however his name was lost to the cracks in the stone. It is possible that the inscription dated from the period when the cohort was already in Dacia.
     The known soldiers serving while the unit was still in the territory of Moesia Inferior are Tarsa Tarsae f. Bessus, discharged on May 13, 105 and Hebrenus Bithi f. Bessus, together with his two daughters, Dydenis and Scuris, awarded by the diploma of 107.Given that the troop had already been for several decades by Lower Danube, we should not be surprised to fi nd native soldiers from this area.

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     Cisipadensium (Roman cit) Italia (Aemilia) Emilia-Romagna, It Latin

     Here is a monument from Philipopolis Plovdiv Bulgaria associated with IIII Scythian Legion:
Tombstone of:
C. IULIUS. GRATUS which is reads:
C IULIUS. GRATUS.
VET. COH V. PRAE.
VIXIT . ANN. XXXX
MILL. ANN. XX. DO
MO BERYTO
H. S. EST.
C IULIUS. GRATUS
VET. LEG. IIII. SCYT.
HERES. FACIEN
DUM ……..